The 2020 MEXT Changes and You

With the 2020 Tokyo Olympics just around the corner, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) is set to implement a new public school English education system just in time for the opening ceremonies.

I won’t go through all of the changes here, (for full details, follow this link:, but the changes can basically be summed up in following three bullet points:

  • more mandatory English classes;
  • English classes mandatory at lower grades; and
  • higher level textbooks.

So what exactly does this mean for you, as a current or hopeful English teacher?

To at least partially answer that question, the follow are my predictions on the effect these changes will have on the public English teaching industry. Hopefully these insights will better prepare you for the potential shakeup.


More Teachers?

With the increased number of classes, it only makes sense that there will be an increased demand for teachers. This hasn’t been confirmed yet, but with the government already passing legislation to bring in more foreign workers to Japan, this seems like a sure thing.

The changes calculate out to about 400% more classes. If you’re looking to teach in Japan in the near future, this is great news! The increased need means there will be more jobs for more people, and you’ll have a much higher chance of getting selected. The next few years seem like a great time to hunt for an English teaching job in Japan, and while we can’t be certain, I’m willing to guess that even people from non-native speaking countries will be more welcome than ever before.


More Responsibilities?

With English becoming mandatory at lower grades, some Japanese English Elementary School Teachers will be pushed to teach a subject in they might have very little experience. For some teachers, this might mean leaning on the ALT more than ever before; some may even choose to hand off most of the teaching responsibilities altogether. Conversely, these teachers could be less willing to yield this teaching material to ALTs, and will end up taking complete control of the class.

While every situation is different, I would anticipate that far more teachers will lean on their ALTs than will exclude them, so I would advise current and potential ALTs to be prepared for their day-to-day responsibilities to increase. This makes you more valuable and more immersed in your teaching experience, so this is another good thing!


Private Teaching Opportunities

With all English subject teachers now needing to prove that they can pass the Grade pre-1 on the Eiken English test, you can bet some of them are going to look for some help with that. Entrepreneurial English teachers could put themselves in high demand by setting up private courses with their cities’ community centers and marketing themselves to the surrounding elementary schools.

The opportunities don’t stop with the teachers either. The students will be expected to be at the “Grade 2” level of the Eiken themselves, so I’m sure there will be more than a few hard-working students (or just as likely their ambitious parents) who find themselves looking for help outside of the classroom. This will again add money to the private teaching/Eikaiwa pie, waiting for smart private teachers to grab. Be proactive and take advantage of these chances if you can.

These are big changes that will require a big effort from a lot of people, but hopefully MEXT is working to make sure the necessary pieces are in place to make the transition as smooth as possible. While I anticipate a heavy workload for current ALTs, those still dreaming about working in Japan with the intention of arriving over the next few years should be very happy. I believe opportunities abound for them.

We shall see what happens.



Charlie Moritz

I'm Charlie and I've been based in Tokyo since 2015. I started Live Work Play Japan to help foreigners in Japan to find their own version of success. I also wrote "The Smart Guide to Teaching English in Japan" which you can get on Amazon as a paperback or Kindle book.


  1. Dave

    Making the teachers pass a real English exam instead of TOIEC should make a change

  2. Tony

    I’m wondering if our salaries will go up or down… I predict Japanese teachers running around trying to figure out how to evaluate students with CEFR-J.

    1. Mei

      I just started a new school year. Whereas before I would have 2-3 hours of prep time for the next lessons (and still often working overtime), I now have only 45mins prep time, but 6 more classes to teach and an increased amount of lessons for the already existing students. There’s no way I can make lesson plans and materials for 6-9 classes in just 45mins, so this will mean multiple hours of working overtime. Unpaid working time, that is, as the salary has NOT gone up. Neither have the “official working hours” in my contract, even though it’s obvious ALTs will need to work longer days from now on. My guess is it’s just for the companies to avoid paying the insurance fees on behalf of us ALTS. I love my job and really put in a big effort, but this seems to be very unfair.

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